Status of deepfake legislation in the United States: 30 March 2024

Let’s be clear: deepfakes — whether they are impersonations of politicians, celebrities or the teen nextdoor — are NOT “free speech.” They’re deceptive and too often harmful. There’s a reason for truth-in-advertising laws (which are too lax, but that’s for another day).

It is a travesty that the United States has no federal legislation on an issue of such importance to democracy. And one that is not new. Former President Barack Obama raised the issue in a video produced by Jordan Peele … in April 2018.

 

Deepfake legislation by state

US State map with status of deepfake legislation, 30 March 2024

 

States still in session that have passed legislation but also have bills pending 

  1. California (adjourns 30 November)
    AB 730, enacted 03 October 2019
    AB 2355, referred to Elections,
    21 March 2024
    AB 2655, read and amended a second time by Elections,
    21 March 2024
    AB 2839, referred to Elections and Judiciary,
    21 March 2024
  2. Minnesota (adjourns 20 May)
    HF 1370, enacted 26 May 2023
    SF 3550, re-referred to Judiciary and Public Safety,
    19 February 2024
    SF 4029, pending Judiciary and Public Safety,
    21 March 2024
    HF 4772, second reading, 25 March 2024

 

States that passed legislation this year

  1. Idaho
    HB 664, enacted 25 March 2024 
  2. Indiana
    HB 1133, enacted 12 March 2024
  3. New Mexico
    HB 182, enacted 05 March 2024
  4. Oregon
    SB 1571, enacted 27 March 2024
  5. Wisconsin
    AB 665, enacted on 21 March 2024

States still in session that have legislation pending

  1. Alabama (adjourns 20 May)
    HB 172, unanimously passed House, 21 March
  2. Alaska (adjourns 16 May)
    SB 177, hearing, 04 April
  3. Arizona (adjourns 20 April)
    SB 1515, not yet referred to committee; dead.
  4. Colorado (adjourns 10 May)
    HB1147, passed House, 11 March (42-18-5); pending Senate Veterans, & Military Affairs, 18 March
  5. Connecticut (adjourns 08 May)
    SB 2, referred for fiscal review, 25 March
    HB 5450, filed with Legislative Commissioners’ Office,
    25 March
  6. Delaware (adjourns 30 June)
    HB 316, substitution in House, 21 March
  7. Hawaii (adjourns 3 May)
    SB 2687, passed Senate, 05 March (24-1); passed out of House committee, 28 March (8-0)
    HB 1734, referred to committee, 24 January
    HB 1766, unanimously passed House, 05 March; referred to Senate Judiciary Committee 07 March
  8. lllinois (adjourns 05 January 2025)
    SB 1742, referred to assignments, 10 March
    HB 4644, assigned to Ethics & Elections Committee,
    14 February
    HB 4933, assigned to Ethics & Elections Committee,
    28 February
  9. Iowa (adjourns 16 April)
    SF 2313, pending Senate Workforce Committee,
    13 February; effectively dead.
    HF 2549, passed House 06 March (93-1-6); referred to State Government, fiscal note, 13 March
  10. Kansas (adjourns 21 May)
    HB 2559, stricken from calendar, 23 February; dead.
    HB 2576, House Elections Committee hearing, 01 February
  11. Kentucky (adjourns 15 April)
    SB 131, referred to Elections, Constitutional Amendments & Intergovernmental Affairs, 07 March
    HB 45, unanimously passed House 28 February; referred to Senate Transportation Committee, 07 March
  12. Louisiana (adjourns 03 June)
    SB 6, amendments adopted, 19 March
    SB 9, referred to Committee on Judiciary, 11 March
    SB 97, referred to Committee on Senate and Governmental Affairs, 11 March
    HB 154, reported out of Committee on House and Governmental Affairs, 27 March (14-1)
  13. Maryland (adjourns 08 April)
    SB 978, passed Senate, 18 March; House hearing,
    26 March
    HB 872, pending House Ways & Means, hearing
    27 February; dead.
  14. Massachusetts (adjourns 02 January 2025)
    SD 2932, referred to committee on Election Laws
    22 January
  15. Mississippi (adjourns 05 May)
    SB 2577, passed Senate as amended (38-14),
    13 March
  16. Missouri (adjourns 30 May)
    HB 2628, passed House, 27 March (149-3); Senate first reading, 27 March
  17. Nebraska (adjourns 18 April)
    LB 1203, pending Government, Military and Veterans Affairs Committee, hearing, 15 February
  18. New Hampshire (adjourns 30 June)
    HB 1432, Senate Judiciary Committee hearing, 02 April
    HB 1500, refer for interim study, 14 March
    HB 1596, failed House vote, 28 March
    HB 1710, inexpedient to legislate, 01 February; dead.
  19. New Jersey (adjourns 13 January 2026)
    A 2818, referred to Assembly Judiciary Committee,
    04 March
    A 2819, referred to Assembly Judiciary Committee,
    09 January
    A 3838, referred to Assembly Science, Innovation and Technology Committee, 22 February
  20. New York (adjourns 02 January 2025)
    S 7592, introduced 07 July 2023; pending Senate Elections
    S 8400A, pending Senate Elections
    A 7106A, pending Assembly Election Law
    A 9028, pending Assembly Election Law
  21. Ohio (adjourns 31 December)
    HB 367, pending Government Oversight
    HB 410, introduced 12 February
  22. Oklahoma (adjourns 31 May)
    SB 1655, unanimously passed Senate, 05 March; pending House Elections and Ethics
    HB 3825, introduced, 05 February
  23. Pennsylvania (adjourns 30 November)
    HB 2079, pending House State Government
  24. Rhode Island (adjourns 30 June)
    H 7387, Committee recommended measure be held for further study, 26 March; dead.
  25. South Carolina (adjourns 09 May)
    H 4660, pending Committee on Judiciary

 

States that had legislation passed but adjourned without governor’s signature

  1. Florida (adjourned 08 March)
    HB 919, passed House (104-8), 28 February
    Unanimously passed Senate, 01 March
    Not delivered to Governor

 

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