The Census Bureau dedicated the first commercially produced electronic digital computer in the United States on 14 June 1951.
Instead, it was branded Remington Rand.
By 1946, engineers Presper Eckert and John Mauchly had built, for the US Army, the first general-purpose electronic digital computer. The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator) was “first used in a calculation for Los Alamos Laboratories in December 1945, and in February 1946 it was formally dedicated.”
[UNIVAC 1] weighed 16,000 pounds, used 5,000 vacuum tubes, and could perform about 1,000 calculations per second.
On 04 November 1952 the UNIVAC starred in the first national televised broadcast of a presidential election.
For CBS, using a computer was a bit of a gimmick — a sideshow. But for Remington Rand, the company that made the UNIVAC, this was an enormous gamble.
Before election night 60 years ago, the race between Stevenson and Eisenhower looked close. But early in the night, with just over 3 million votes counted, UNIVAC predicted the odds were 100 to 1 in favor of Eisenhower… The printout read 00 instead of 100 because the programmers never imagined needing an odd greater than two digits.
|Party||Candidate||Electoral vote||Popular vote|
|R||Dwight D. Eisenhower||442||83.2%||33,777,945||54.9%|
“UNIVAC I, as the first successful civilian computer, was a key part of the dawn of the computer age,” according to its Census description.
Remington Rand would sell 46 machines for more than $1 million each.
In 1955, the Sperry Corporation and Remington Rand merged, creating Sperry Rand (1955-1986). In 1986, Sperry would reluctantly merge with Burroughs (hostile takeover) to form Unisys. However, parts of the company live on through Honeywell, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and Raytheon Technologies.