A Politech reader reported last week that the French-government-supported Internet Rights Forum (“Le Forum des droits sur l’internet”) has published recommendations about the future of eVoting in France.
The audit recommendation does not explicitly call for a “voter-verifiable audit trail,” which is the goal of two European advocacy groups: the Foundation for Information Policy Research (FIPR) and the Free E-democracy Project. Last month, California became the first state to require a voter-verified audit trail, but not until 2006.
The report also does not detail security measures, but references a European Commission definition 
[A secure system] can withstand deliberate attacks – [is] reliable – it works whatever the shortcomings in terms of software or hardware. (…) In addition, the voter must be able to obtain confirmation of his/her vote(…) and the transparency of the system must be guaranteed, in the sense that correct operation can be verified.
The report includes the follow recommendations:
- Electronic voting should be introduced in a gradual manner.
- Technically, there must be access to source code by approved experts as well as a “posteriori” audit of the voting system
- Citizens may expect SMS or telephone voting, because they have been exposed to this technology via television shows; the group refers to this as “distance voting” and endorses the concept while acknowledging security issues.
A European Gallup methodologist, in an interview published last week, believes that voters expect more confidentiality in voting than they do when expressing an opinion in an online poll.
 The “European Commission for democracy through law” published a “Code of good practice in electoral matters” (Opinion no. 190/2002 of 19 October 2002).