How to: make great reference citations when editing Wikipedia

wikipedia
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I don’t edit (or create) Wikipedia articles every day, so I never remember the syntax for writing a great reference citation. Not “how to cite a Wikipedia article” but “how to cite your source in a Wikipedia article”.

So I’m making a cheat sheet that, maybe, I’ll be able to find easily. If it helps someone else, all the better!

Special tags required

Since Wiki code is, umm, in many ways opaque, we need a cheatsheet.

For your citation to appear in Wikipedia article footnotes, it must be enclosed in “ref” tags. In addition, we need a section named “Notes” or “References” near the end of the page, and it has to include a special bit of code.

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

Best practice for your references is to include as much information as possible in order for someone to follow your research tracks. This should have been S.O.P. when you were writing papers in college or high school. And guess what, there’s a template for that!

Create a citation for a web-based resource

We are creating a footnote, not a classic hyperlink. (Although the footnote is hyperlinked to the citation.)

There are several types of “web” resources, such as a web page, a formal news organization article, or a journal article. The format for the citation is similar. The primary difference in formatting between these examples is that “newspaper” will be italicized and “publisher” will not be.

1. News article, whether media organization, magazine, journal or periodical

<ref>
{{cite news
 | last =
 | first =
 | author-link =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | author2-link =
 | title =
 | newspaper =
 | pages =
 | year =
 | date =
 | url =
 | archiveurl =
 | archivedate =
 | accessdate = 
}}
</ref>

Here’s an example of a news citation. If you think you might use a source more than once, give the reference a name:

  1.  Nicks, Denver (23 January 2015). “Activist Defiant After Sentencing Over Stratfor Hacking”. TIME. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
<ref name="timeBrown">
{{cite news
 | last = Nicks
 | first = Denver
 | title =  Activist Defiant After Sentencing Over Stratfor Hacking
 | newspaper = TIME 
 | date = 23 January 2015
 | url=http://time.com/3680594/barrett-brown-sentencing/
 | accessdate = 25 January 2015
}}
</ref>

Second (or third or fourth) uses of this reference, in the same article, would look like this:

<ref name="timeBrown" />

2. Web page, such as on an organization website

<ref>
{{cite web
 | last =
 | first =
 | authorlink =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | author2link =
 | title =
 | publisher =
 | date =
 | year =
 | url =
 | accessdate = 
}}
</ref>

Here’s an example of a web citation:

  1. “CAIL Board of Trustees”. The Center for American and International Law (CAIL). Retrieved Jan 25, 2015.
<ref>
{{cite web
 | title = CAIL Board of Trustees
 | publisher = The Center for American and International Law (CAIL)
 | url = http://www.cailaw.org/About-the-Center/Board-of-Trustees/index.html
 | accessdate = Jan 25, 2015
 }}
</ref>

See Wikipedia help pages for more examples.

Tip: can’t log in to PayPal from iPad /iPhone apps

PayPal header
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After going through a 360 process at least three times while trying to use PayPal to pay for Christmas movie tickets in Fandango … I gave up and started trying to find a solution using Google.

Read on to see how to enable PayPal payments on Fandango, if you’re having problems.

1. Log in to PayPal on your computer

With the new interface, click the cog in the upper right and navigate to settings.

PayPal - settings

2. Go to security settings

Go to security settings, then select edit your security key.
PayPal settings - security

3. Deactivate your mobile phone

And any other security keys you might have enabled.

4. Log in to PayPal on your device

You should be able to use your normal email/password combo.

5. Quit the application, then re-open

Shaking up the electrons, so to speak.

6. Create a PIN using the mobile app

It is possible that had I stopped here both the PayPal app and the Fandango app would have worked. However, I continued to step 7.

7. Go back to the PayPal website on your computer and re-activate your phone as a security key.

Voila!

This worked, in the context of using PayPal as the payment method in Fandango.

However.

I cannot log in to the PayPal app on my iPhone5 in iOS8.

PayPal app fail

So, this solution made it possible to use Fandango to buy movie tickets but killed my ability to use the PayPal app. Since I don’t use the PayPal app, I’ll consider this a minor inconvenience.

If you find a solution that doesn’t hobble the PayPal app, please respond in comments!